Friday, June 18, 2010

Juneteenth


On June 18, 1865 Union General Gordon Granger and 2,000 troops landed at Galveston, Texas to take control of the state and to enforce the emancipation of its slaves. On June 19th General Granger stood on the balcony of Ashton Villa and read "General Order 3."

General Granger was a veteran of the Mexican American War and had fought in battles in the Western Theater of the Civil War at Wilson's Creek, New Madrid, Corinth, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Mobile Bay and Fort Blakely.

"The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection hertetofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain in their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere."

The original document was probably handwritten and copies were made for distribution throughout Texas. The Dallas Historical Society has the only known copy of the document. Please see copy of the document courtesy of the Dallas Morning News.
Today at 2:00 pm in Dallas City Hall, a member of the historical society will read the order and lead of discussion of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Please see Dallas Historical Society article in the Dallas Morning News to learn more about this event.

No comments: