Wednesday, October 20, 2010

Lloyd Tilghman House in Paducah, KY

General Lloyd Tilghman lived in this house from 1852-61. The Greek revival house was built for Mr. Tilghman, who was a railroad engineer for the New Orleans and Ohio Railroad, by Robert Woolfolk. Tilghman rented the house for his wife, seven children and five slaves. Tilghman spent most of his time working on a railroad in the Isthmus of Panama.
When Tilghman left to join the Kentucky State Guard, Woolfolk moved into the house. During the Union Occupation of Paducah, Woolfolk made the mistake of showing his Southern sentiments by flying the Confederate flag. Soldiers of the 11th Indiana saw the flag and threatened to burn the house down. Mrs. Woolfolk appealed to Brigadier General C. F. Smith and sent an aide to prevent the Union soldiers from removing the flag. The Union soldiers refused to obey the officer. When Smith tried to have the men arrested, Smith's subordinate offices, General Lew Wallace and Eleazar Paine, refused to obey his command.

Smith, a stickler for discipline, was outraged. However, he wanted to prevent a mutiny and so issued General Order 36 in which he addressed those involved "in a kindly spirit" and decided to "let it drop without investigating." He reminded the men of Kentucky's fragile allegiance to the Union and reminded them that they were sent here as protectors "of a loyal State." Smith also told the men to exercise "moderation, obedience and charity."
This incident was to brand Smith as a "Southern sympathizer" and postpone his promotion to Major General.

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