Wednesday, December 7, 2011

13th Amendment Restored

A rare copy of the 13th Amendment ending slavery has been restored for display at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum.

The 13th Amendment states:

13th Amendment in
National Archives
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

The nearly 147-year-old document showed its age with "its surface creased and buckled, its inscriptions faded and an edge yellowed by old adhesive." Russ Maki, owner a paper conservation company in Chicago, restored the historic document for free.

There are at least 14 duplicate copies of the 13th Amendment signed by Lincoln. Congress passed it two years after his 1863 Emancipation Proclamation and it represented the culmination of his efforts to end slavery. But he apparently stopped signing the duplicates after lawmakers complained he was overstepping his executive powers because constitutional amendments are passed by Congress and ratified by the states.

Please see "Rare copy of 13th Amendment signed by Lincoln restored for viewing at Illinois museum" and Thirteenth Amendment for more information.

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